New European Commission reports (EN only) examine the work, family and private life conflicts at different stages in one’s life course from school-to-work transition to parenthood.
A statistical report synthetises the findings of a research project entitled "Gender equality in the workforce: Reconciling work, private and family life in Europe”, which consisted of six related Short Statistical Reports (SSRs). The SSRs examined the topics of:
- the Barcelona childcare targets (SSR1)
- labour force participation rates of men, women and parents (SSR2)
- balancing work and family for single parents (SSR3)
- gender inequalities in the transition from school to work (SSR4)
- share of earnings and domestic work within couples (SSR5)
- and access to family-friendly working schedules (SSR6).
The reports analyse the extent to which men and women face the work-life balance challenges differently and examine their labour force participation, working hours, and contributions to household income and domestic work. The reports observe improvements in gender equality over recent decades, but women continue to lag behind on labour force participation and earnings, and face slower transition to their first job, while contributing more to domestic tasks even if they are breadwinners. These challenges are particularly pronounced in the presence of children. Mothers have lower employment rates, shorter hours and interrupt their careers more due to childcare, as compared to both women without children and men (with or without children).